Medical Express

ISSN (print): 2318-8111

ISSN (online): 2358-0429

Author's Articles

1 result(s) for: Celso O. Bernini

Factors related to motorcycle accidents with victims: an epidemiological survey

Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve; Marcelo Rosa Resende; Heráclito Barbosa da Silva; Gabriel Andreuccetti; Celso O. Bernini; Vilma Leyton


Abstract PDF

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with traffic motorcycles accidents.
METHODS: The sample consisted of 285 motorcycle accident victims in São Paulo. Data were collected from 24-hour emergency service shifts regarding: conditions of the victims, security equipment, road and vehicle conditions.
RESULTS: Victims were mostly young men (92%); 23% used the motorcycle for work (average: 8 hours per day); 45% had owned a motorcycle for less than two years; 77% were licensed motorcycle drivers; 33% had less than four years of qualification; 31% had attended a course of defensive driving. Severe lesions were identified in 67% of the unlicensed drivers. Polytrauma occurred in 9% head trauma in 5% of the entire population. Lower limb fractures occurred more frequently than upper limb (17% vs. 12%). Most wore helmets (90%) but only 18% wore helmet, boots and jacket. Positive readings for alcohol (7%) and drugs (14%) occurred in 21% of victims. Most accidents occurred as a consequence of imprudence (88%), during the day (67%), in dry weather conditions (94%). A side impact was registered in 48% of cases; 80% of motorcycles had an engine capacity up to 250 cc. In 51% of the accidents the person responsible for the accident was the driver of the other vehicle in the accident.
CONCLUSION: Most accidents involve motorcyclists who are young male adults, use the motorcycle as a means of transport and do not consider safety, defensive driving and the use of alcohol and drugs as important factors.

Keywords: Motorcycle, Accidents, Epidemiology, Trauma.